Arak carpet is a type of Persian carpet, woven in Arak region. Carpet industry has been common there from the past, and in Qajar period, Arak was one of the most important centers of carpet weaving. Carpet weaving is the most important industry in Arak, specially Saruq. Saruq rugs used to be inspired by the design of medallion. The carpet industry has been popular in this region since the past, and Farahan carpets, Saraband carpets and Saruq carpets were world famous.
One of the important property of Arak carpets is that bad textures and bad weaving are less common in this type of carpets, and therefore the quality of the work increases.
An important specifications of Arak carpet is using thick, long and resistant knots with a proper elasticity. Bad textures and fake and double knots are less common in carpets of this region, and therefore the quality of the work increases. This quality gives the carpet a cover and is conformable with particularities of tribes and villages or cold and mountainous regions.
The texture quality of Arak carpet:
In terms of quality, Arak carpet is of medium and high quality carpets, and in terms of price, it is one of the cheapest carpets in Iran. One of the reasons for the cheapness is its coarse texture and its weight.
The proper use of wool in Arak carpets has made this beautiful carpet inessential of expensive silk thread to become popular. this made these carpets soft and bright and compatible to silk carpets.
Saruq white, Farahan blue, MoshkAbad alizarin color, and unique colors like yellow, cream and green exist in Arak and totally, using alizarin (rarely with a red seed), laurel, pomegranate peel, walnut shell are the most common and superior ones.
Arak carpet belongs to the category of coarse woven carpets, whose number of wate reaches 40 and rarely 50. However, in this category of carpets, there are also tiny woven carpets that are woven in case of customer orders.
By coarse-textured carpet, we mean a carpet in which thick, long and resistant knots with appropriate elasticity are used.
Arak hand-woven carpet is woven with Persian knot on a vertical loom, and its wraps are fixed on the loom on the ground. Arak carpet generally was woven with double weft in the past, but single weft weaving has become more popular nowadays. The weft of Arak carpets is blue, and if the background is neutral, the weft would be dark blue or black.
History of Arak carpet:
Carpet weaving is the most important industry of Arak, especially Saruq. In the past, most Saruq carpets were inspired by the medallion design. One of the important reasons for the fascination of Arak carpets is the local typicality of these carpets and their design.
After the end of the Sasanian era, there was no evidence of carpet weaving in this region for centuries. Due to the disappearance of woven carpets and continuous wars in the central region of Iran, there was no information about the establishment of large carpet workshops. Arak carpet had a significant presence in the middle of Naser al-Din Shah’s era. Some of exquisite Arak carpets are famous all over the world.
The process of commercialization and export of Arak carpets began from the Qajar era between the reign of Fat’h Ali Shah and Naser al-Din Shah.
In 1935, with the nationalization of carpet industry, the production of this product was almost in the hands of Iranian traders and Iran Carpet Joint Stock Company.